A socially compatible heat transition in Berlin

Sozialverträgliche Wärmewende in Berlin

Berlin has set itself ambitious climate targets. In this context, social aspects of the heat transition in Berlin have become an increasingly important issue in view of the scarcity of housing, rising rents and very different housing costs for households. Particularly low-income households suffer from high housing costs. Often, they already take up a large portion of their income. An increase in rental costs or energy costs carries the danger that households can no longer afford their housing or pay their heating and electricity costs. In order to make climate protection socially acceptable and to protect and support vulnerable households, instruments and measures are needed that enable emissions reductions and keep housing affordable.

Our analyses show that the existing instruments are mostly insufficient or insufficiently used. Measures must address both tenants and landlords, be tailored to the target groups and bring together social policy and climate policy. Landlords need additional incentives to implement energy efficiency refurbishment while making use of investment support to keep rent increase low. Social support for tenants must be attractive and simple in order to protect vulnerable groups. Above all, good and transparent information services for tenants are an important complementary element that strengthens acceptance and trust.

Publication date

Type of Result



Katja Schumacher, Viktoria Noka

Published in

Wissen. Wandel. Berlin. Report 14

Research Partners


Heat transition, social compatibility, energy poverty